Presumed Colombian guerrillas in combat, area and unknown day.
Forced displacement in Colombia increased in 2020. According to a report by the Ombudsman’s Office, 28,509 people had to leave their homes fleeing from clashes between armed groups and threats.
In 2020 there were 90 mass displacements, 30 cases more than in 2019. The number of victims went from 25,100 to 28,509.
The main cause of displacement in the country are clashes between groups such as the ELN, the EPL, the Gulf Clan and dissidents of the FARC that dispute the territories, and commit other crimes such as threats, homicides, sexual violence, recruitment, kidnapping and the planting of antipersonnel mines.
This type of violence generated 90 mass displacements, in which 28,509, comprising 8,192 families, were expelled from their homes and from their municipalities.
50% of the displacement was concentrated in the department of Nariño, the rest in Cauca, Putumayo, Chocó, Antioquia, Córdoba, Bolívar and Norte de Santander.
The Ombudsman’s Office also registered a growth of 252% in the cases of confinement, that is, communities that are prevented from leaving their homes by armed groups.