However their organizations and communication media say otherwise.
This paper uses the U.S. government’s own best estimates of transnational illegal cocaine shipments to gauge the scale and relative importance of Venezuela’s role as a transit country. In particular, we draw on recent data from the U.S. interagency Consolidated Counterdrug Database (CCDB), a multi-source collection of global illegal drug trafficking events that is gathered from intelligence data such as detection and surveillance, as well as interdiction and law enforcement data. According to the Department of Defense, “The CCDB event-based estimates are the best available authoritative source for estimating known illicit drug flow through the Transit Zone. All the event data contained in the CCDB is deemed to be high confidence (accurate, complete and unbiased in presentation and substance as possible).” We have supplemented CCDB estimates with public statements and presentations made by officials at the Drug Enforcement Administration, Department of Defense, and Department of State regarding drug trafficking trends in the Americas.
WOLA main findings include:
Venezuela’s state institutions have deteriorated and the country lacks an impartial, transparent, or even functional justice system. In this environment, armed groups and organized criminal structures, including drug trafficking groups, have thrived. But U.S government data suggests that, despite these challenges, Venezuela is not a primary transit country for U.S.-bound cocaine. U.S. policy toward Venezuela should be predicated on a realistic understanding of the transnational drug trade.
Recent data from the U.S. interagency Consolidated Counterdrug Database (CCDB) indicates that 210 metric tons of cocaine passed through Venezuela in 2018. By comparison, the State Department reports that over six times as much cocaine (1,400 metric tons) passed through Guatemala the same year.
According to U.S. monitoring data, the amount of cocaine trafficked from Colombia through Venezuela is significant, but it is a fraction of the cocaine that makes its way through other transit countries. Around 90 percent of all U.S.-bound cocaine is trafficked through Western Caribbean and Eastern Pacific routes, not through Venezuela’s Eastern Caribbean seas.
There was an increase in cocaine flows through Venezuela in the period from 2012 to 2017, but that increase corresponds with a surge in cocaine production in Colombia during that same time. CCDB data suggests the amount of cocaine trafficked through Colombia rose from 918 metric tons in 2012 to 2,478 metric tons in 2017 (a 269 percent increase), and from 159 to 249 metric tons in Venezuela in that same period (a 156 percent increase). When cocaine trafficking in Colombia dropped slightly post-2017, cocaine flows in Venezuela fell as well.
U.S. CCDB data shows that cocaine flows through Venezuela have fallen since peaking in 2017. According to CCDB data, the amount of cocaine flowing through Venezuela fell 13 percent from 2017 to 2018, and appeared to continue to fall slightly through mid-2019.
A peaceful, negotiated, and orderly transition offers the best chance of allowing the reforms needed to address organized crime, drug trafficking, and corruption in Venezuela. The 2009 military coup d’etat and resulting turmoil in Honduras provides a cautionary tale for U.S. policymakers who see intervention or collapse as the best route for a return to democracy in Venezuela.
Colombia area under coca cultivation grew 39% in 2014 and 42% in 2015, hitting 392,897.5 acres, according to the US State Department’s annual International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.
2015’s increase was the largest single-year spike on record.
Who is the narco-state? for me is more Colombia then Venezuela
Colombia, is the largest producer of cocaine on the planet, together with the United States, the largest consumer of drugs in the world, have been weaving a dirty war against Venezuela for months.
There are already many narco-planes with a North American license plate that are shot down by the Venezuelan air defense, and this has a rather macabre explanation,
Both Washington and Bogotá drug partners send these planes to penetrate Venezuelan airspace for the purpose, they need to involve Venezuela in drug trafficking yes or yes, this to sustain the propaganda against Caracas.
The idea of imperialism is that the planes take off from Colombia loaded with drugs, enter Venezuela and so it is registered on the radars, and then lie that the planes “left” from Venezuela. This dirty move would serve to stop the narco planes somewhere in the Caribbean bordering Venezuelan areas and thus justify the propaganda.
However, Venezuela has shot down 98% of the planes from Colombia to the United States, which has not given them room for their dirty propaganda, not for nothing in that area are dozens of planes that have been shot down.
▪️Yellow arrows: Drug Trafficking Route (+ 70% of the planet’s Cocaine leaves through this route).
▪️Red arrows: Route where Colombia sends the narco-planes (most of them are shot down).
▪️ Black marks: Places where narco-planes are shot down.
▪️Yellow circle: Zones of possible detention of narco-planes to justify the propaganda.
Many Colombia’s economy is based on cocaine traffic ;The narco history of Colombia’s security forces(next report this need a deep analysis), internal war between guerrillas, etc… watch some cocaine seaized in Ocean pacific of course from Colombian’s: