The United States Navy’s 7th Fleet has publicly challenged India’s maritime claim in the Arabian Sea by dispatching the guided-missile destroyer USS John Paul Jones, within India’s exclusive economic zone.
The Indian government may require US to leave the territorial sea immediately.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of India, issued this Friday through a statement its concern about the military maneuvers of the United States in its territorial waters.
“The declared position of the Government of India with respect to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea is that the Convention does not authorize other States to carry out military exercises or maneuvers in the Exclusive Economic Zone and on the continental shelf, in particular those that imply the use of weapons or explosives, without the consent of the coastal State ”, points out the Indian Foreign Ministry.
“The USS John Paul Jones was continuously monitored in its transit from the Persian Gulf to the Straits of Malacca. We have conveyed to the Government of the United States, through diplomatic channels, our concern about this passage through our EEZ ”, specified the message from the Asian Government.
For its part, the United States Department of State specified on Thursday that in the “Annual Report on Freedom of Navigation for Congress, published on March 10, the United States Department of Defense describes the challenges of the United States government to maritime claims that are excessive and inconsistent with the international law of the sea. ”
According to ShareAmerica, 28 were the claims of some countries around the world towards the United States for maritime navigation in their territories, cataloged by said site as excessive. The Defense Department report also stressed that the United States “will uphold the rights, freedoms and legal uses of the sea for the benefit of all countries, and will stand alongside like-minded partners who are doing the same.”
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea specifies that a warship is understood to be “any ship belonging to the armed forces of a State that bears the distinctive external signs of the warships of its nationality”.
Likewise, the treaty specifies that “when a warship does not comply with the laws and regulations of the coastal State relating to passage through the territorial sea and does not comply with the invitation made to comply with them, the coastal State may require it to leave territorial sea immediately “.