The Syrian National Army also described as the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army (TFSA), is a coalition of armed Syrian opposition groups. Though concentrated in Turkish-occupied areas, originally as a part of Operation Euphrates Shield, the SNA also established a presence in the Idlib Governorate during the 2019 northwestern Syria offensive, and consolidated its presence there when the National Front for Liberation joined the SNA on 4 October 2019.
The formation of the SNA was officially announced on 30 December 2017 in Azaz. The official aims of the structure are to assist the Republic of Turkey in creating a “safe zone” in Syria, and to establish a “National Army”. While nominally the SNA has a unitary structure answerable to the Syrian Interim Government, its constituent groups have retained their pre-SNA forms and each answers directly to Turkey. They are described as “mercenaries” by their critics. The SNA is used as a proxy army by Turkey, engaging in conflicts from Libya to the south Caucasus.