Former Uruguayan colonel Eduardo Ferro arrived his country this Saturday March 27, from Spain, guarded by Interpol officials to testify before the Justice for the accusations of crimes against Humanity that weigh against him during the Uruguayan dictatorship between 1973 and 1985.
Ferro was arrested in Spain after an international arrest warrant made by Uruguay, a country where he is accused of violating human rights and for the murder of the communist militant Óscar Tassino.
Ferro is also implicated in the disappearance of Uruguayan opponents of the dictatorship, Lilián Celiberti and Universindo Rodríguez, who were kidnapped in 1978.
The Spanish National Police reported in a statement the arrest of Ferro in January this year in which Interpol participated and that it was carried out by virtue of an arrest warrant for extradition issued by the National Court in 2018.
The detainee was allegedly one of those responsible for the Condor Plan, a systematic attempt to end political dissidence in Latin America during the period of military dictatorships that followed one another in the 1970s and early 1980s.
The Uruguayan judicial authorities accuse him of having illegally detained, tortured and made disappear young militants of organizations opposed to the Uruguayan military government, in force between 1973 and 1985.
The activity of these people was essentially the distribution of propaganda and the organization of demonstrations and political meetings.
Learn how the most serious coordinated state repression process recorded in South American countries unfolded.
The Condor Plan was constituted as an international clandestine organization to exercise State terrorism against opponents of the dictatorships of Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia and Uruguay.
Keys to understanding the Condor Plan:
1.- What was it?
The so-called Plan Cóndor was a repressive coordination or conspiracy between the intelligence services of the dictatorships that governed countries of the Southern Cone (Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia) in coordination with the United States and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA , for its acronym in English).
2.- What did it consist of?
It was an operation orchestrated in the 1970s and 1980s within the framework of the “Cold War” and its main actor was the Chilean General Augusto Pinochet, in accordance with other dictators of the time.
The operation consisted of achieving the exchange of information between the countries involved on subversive assumptions.
The intention was to repress and persecute all those who made political opposition to the dictatorial regimes of the Southern Cone, that is, to eliminate political enemies in order to install neoliberal policies. The main objective was to fight against communism and prevent its expansion in the region.
3.- How was it executed?
Through intelligence operations or the armed forces of the different participating countries. They moved freely in the territory of others to kidnap, disappear or murder their fellow citizens.
4.- Who were the main actors?
Declassified documents reveal that the Condor Plan was devised after a meeting held in Santiago de Chile between Manuel Contreras, the head of the National Intelligence Directorate (DINA), the secret and police executing arm of the repression instituted by Augusto Pinochet, and the leaders of the military intelligence services of Argentina (governed by Isabel Martínez de Perón), Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay (the latter with military governments).
The American journalist and researcher Cristopher Hitchens also considers that the then United States Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger, was the ideologue of this repressive action, by allowing the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to give instructions to the head of the DINA and will use the School of the Americas for this.
It is said that other countries such as Peru, Colombia (with the Colombian paramilitary organization known as Alianza Americana Anticomunista) and the terrorist Luis Posada Carriles participated in this operation, according to what was revealed by the terror files.
5.- What are the consequences of this operation?
According to the so-called terror files, discovered by the lawyer Martín Almada in Paraguay in 1992, the Condor plan left a balance of 50,000 dead, around 30,000 missing and 400,000 prisoners.
To these results are added torture, the transfer of detainees to other countries and the constant monitoring and surveillance of political enemies.